Makkah, Hejaz Vilayet,Ottoman Empire (now Saudi Arabia)Died: 22 February 1958 (aged 69)
Delhi, IndiaNationality: Indian
Several Indian rulers gave much importance to the management of Waqfs. Sultan Mohammed bin Tughlaq appointed Ibn Batuta, the famous traveller, as the Muthawalli of the tomb of Sultan Qutb Uddin Mubarik Shah. Mughal emperor Shahjahan was himself the Muthawalli of certain Waqfs made in favour of the Taj Mahal. However, this institution suffered a setback during the colonial rule. After India’s independence, education minister Moulana Abul Kalam Azad and others made relentless efforts for streamlining the administration of Wakfs. Most recent of them is the Waqf Act 1995 which is a Central Act enacted on November 22, 1995. Moulana Abul Kalam Azad was an Indian scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement. Following India's independence, he became the first Minister of Education in the Indian government. In 1992 he was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna. He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad Maulana Azad is considered one of the greatest Urdu writers of the 20th century. He has written many books including India Wins Freedom, Ghubar-e-Khatir, Tazkirah, Tarjumanul Quran, etc.